Region description
Republic of Artsakh
former Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Republic of Artsakh is located in the southeast of Caucasus Minor, bordering Armenia to the West, Iran to the South and Azerbaijan (closed border)

Total territory: 11,300 sq. km

Capital: Stepanakert

Language: Armenian

Average altitude: 1100 meters above sea level. Most vineyards located at the elevation 200-1000 m above the sea level.

Climate: moderately soft, close to the dry subtropical climate. Region requires low irrigation in viticulture, mostly used dry farming.

Average annual temperature: 10-13 C, absolute lows do not fall beyond -11 C, -15 C.

Hottest months: July and August, average temperature 23 C.

Rainfalls: mainly in the May-June and September-October.
Precipitation: 500-700 mm per year.

Soils: limestone-rich, loamy, gravelly soils
(see map below for details)

Official statistics
Grape growing output: 10.000 tons (2017)
Grapes planting area: 1888 hectars (2017)
Grape yield capacity: 46,7 centners per ha (2017)
Wine production: 220.000 liters (2018)

History